Since India’s independence, Sino Indian relationship has been characterized by border disputes. There were three military conflicts viz. war of 1962, the Chola incident in 1967, and the border skirmish of 1987. In May 2013, there was also a three-week standoff between the two countries at the Line of Actual Control (LAC) in Ladakh region and at Aksai Chin after Chinese troops set up a camp 20 km inside the Indian territory . Later on the Chinese agreed to withdraw their troops in exchange for an Indian agreement to demolish several bunkers at the border area. In September, 2014, the Chinese troops had crossed 2 KM deep inside the LAC in Chumar sector. Such incidents occur every now and then.
India’s association with the People’s Republic of China (PRC) has been fraught with distrust. The Dragon is coming in the way to India’s bid to becoming a permanent member of the Security Council at the United Nations. It has put a hurdle on India’s bid to NSG (Nuclear Suppliers Group) membership. China’s Kashmir policy maintains the tilt towards Pakistan’s viewpoint. It considers Kashmir as a disputed territory between India and Pakistan and rejects Indian claim that Kashmir is an integral part of India. Chinese covert assistance to Pakistan’s nuclear weapon programme is well known. They have blocked India’s proposal at the UN to ban JeM chief Masood Azhar, the Pathankot terror attacks mastermind. One portion of J & K is already under their occupation. Chinese history reveals that they are always in expanding mode. They believe that the whole working class of the world should unite and destroy the Imperialist or Capitalist. Tibet was occupied by them on the pretext of liberating it. This is a message for all the neighboring nations as well.
China and India share the ambition to be a “great power” in Asia. The two countries have the largest and second-largest militaries in Asia respectively, as well as the highest and second-highest defense budgets. They have huge domestic defense industries, dedicated to providing their armed forces with the best weapons possible. Both the countries are having nuclear weapons in their arsenal. People’s Liberation Army (PLA) of China is the world’s largest military force, with 2.3 million troops serving on the ground, in the air and in the high seas. China’s military modernization, capacity-building, infrastructure development in Tibet and their moves into the Indian Ocean pose serious challenges to India’s security.
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